Officially Type 1, the Käfer (Beetle, in German) was a 2 door, 4 passenger, rear-engine economy car that was manufactured and marketed by Volkswagen from 1938-2003.
The need for this kind of car was formulated by Adolf Hitler, who wanted a cheap, simple car to be mass-produced for his country's new road network. Hitler contracted Ferdinand Porsche (of Porsche cars) in 1934 to design and build it. Porsche and his team took until 1938 to finalise the design.
Many say that the Beetle was a copy of Josef Ganz’s earlier built Tatra V570 but nothing is proved yet. Over 21 million of them were made.
This car was driven in the Acropolis Rally of 1973 by Swedish rally driven Harry Källström who was well known by his nick-name "Sputnik".