A-pillar: The vertical roof support between the windscreen and the front edge of the front side window.
Anti-Roll Bar: A steel tube that connects the left and right suspension members to resist roll of the vehicle. The inclusion of this improves road handling. Provided in special pick-ups, race and sports cars.
Ape-hangers: Handlebars that are tall and rise above the rider's shoulder like the ones installed on cruisers and chopper bikes.
B-pillar: The vertical metal roof support between the front and rear side windows on the side of the vehicle.
Bagger: A motorcycle that is equipped with saddlebags and other touring items.
Bakkie (Afrikaans): A South African term for a pick-up truck.
Bar-hopper: A customized bike that is comfortable only for short rides.
Barchetta (Italian): see Roadster
Batsman's Crease: A tangent break feature line running along the centre line of a car as in cricket bat.
Berlina (Italian): see Sedan / Saloon
Berline (French): see Sedan / Saloon
Berlinetta (Italian): see Coupé.
Bobber: A custom made bike, that has been cut-down or stripped. For example, a fender being removed or shortened.
Bonnet: The hood of the vehicle.
Boot: The trunk or lift-gate of the vehicle.
Break (French): see Station Wagon
Bubble Car: A small car with a transparent domed canopy and typically 3 wheels.
C-pillar: The vertical metal roof support between the side edge of the rear windscreen and the rear edge of the rear window.
Cabriolet / Convertible / Droptop: A 2-door small car with a retractable roof that has a cloth top or a hard top.
Café Racer: A motorbike modified to resemble racing motorcycles from the 50's and 60's that raced from cafe to cafe in the city of London.
Cager: In the eyes of a motorcyclist a person driving a car, truck, van or a pick-up is a cager.
Camioneta (Brazilian Portuguese): see Station Wagon.
Camper: A recreational vehicle that has a bed, kitchenette, water tank, etc. Can be separate or built on a mini-truck.
Carrinha (Portuguese): see Station Wagon.
Chopper / Chopper Bike: A bike modified or 'chopped' from the original design with extended forks and front-end, Ape-hangers (handlebars), frames without rear suspension, etc.
Chop Top: A car whose roof height has been lowered.
Coupé: A 2-door car with a closed passenger compartment.
Coupé de Ville: A coupé with an enclosed rear passenger section and a separate open driver's section.
Crossover (CUV): A vehicle that has mixed elements of an SUV and a hatchback car.
Crotch Rocket: Sports bikes are also known by this name.
D-Pillar: The rear-most roof support structure on an SUV, minivan or wagon.
Dog Leg: The area behind the rear door of a 4-door car.
Dirt Bike: Motorcycles intended for off-road use that is not legal to ride on public roads.
Dragster: A nitro gas boosted racing car where the engine is half exposed and the rear wheels are larger than the front wheels.
Drophead Coupé: A 2-door, 4 seat car with retractable canvas and having roll-up windows.
Dual Sport: These are street legal motorcycles that are designed for both on and off-road use.
Espada (Portuguese): see Limousine
Estate: see Station Wagon
Fascia: The body skin panel at the front of any vehicle.
Fastback: A design where the roof slopes at a smooth angle to the tail of the car, but the rear window does not open separately.
Fathead: Any dual cam V-Twin motorcycle.
Flathead: Any V-Twin engine motorcycle that was made from the 30's until early 70's.
Fender: Term for cowl covering the wheels of the vehicles.
Franken Bike: A bike created out of 'junk'. Parts of various brands and models are modified & assembled to create a motorcycle.
Furgonetta: Spanish for Van
Furgão: Portuguese for Van
Gill: A decorative vent on the side of the fender that can be used as a hot air outlet.
GT / Gran Turismo / Grand Tourer: A 2-door with 2 or 4 seats high performance, high luxury coupé that can travel long distances.
Hardtail: This is a bike with a rigid frame having no rear suspension but a pair of springs for support.
Hardtop: A car designed to resemble a convertible in looks but without a removable top.
Hatchback / Compact: A passenger car with a full height rear door that includes a rear window.
Hearse: A converted station wagon or a mini-van to transport the dead.
Horsepower: hp (horse power) or bhp (brake horse power) engine is used to designate power produced by an engine.
Hood Ornament: Any chrome plated metal figurine that sits atop the bonnet.
Husky: Husqvarna a Swedish brand of motorcycle.
Jugs: A 'slang' word for the cylinders of any motorcycle.
Kamm / K-tail: A type of design where the car body has smooth contours but is abruptly cut at the tail.
Kombi (German): see Station Wagon
Landaulet / Landau Top: A roof style with a small part of the rear section covered by cloth cover (vinyl).
Limousine: Any stretched car that is driven by a chauffeur (driver) sometimes with partition.
MPV / MUV: Multi-purpose Vehicle (MPV) and Multi-utility Vehicle (MUV) are ones designed for carrying large loads be it cargo or passengers.
Marque: Make or brand of car, motorcycle or truck.
Microcar: A car with less than a 1000cc engine.
Muscle Car: A 2-door car with a V8 engine used for racing.
Perua: (Brazilian) Portuguese for Van
Phaeton: They are 4-door convertible cars.
Pick-up: It is a light duty truck having an enclosed cab and an open cargo area with low sides and tailgate for loading/unloading goods.
Rat Bike: A new bike that has been deliberately 'weathered' to give a beaten-up look.
Roadster: An open car having a single seat for 2 passengers and having a small luggage compartment.
Rag Top/Soft Top: A convertible with a soft top, usually made from canvas or a polymer.
Roll Cage: A protective steel cage to prevent driver injury when a car rolls over. More common in rally cars and 4WD special pick-ups.
SUV: Sports Utility Vehicle or SUV are 4-wheel drive (4WD) automobiles that have both on/off-road driving capability.
Sedan / Saloon: Any car with 4 doors having fixed roof and a minimum of 33 cubic feet of rear interior volume.
Sedanette: A 2 door sedan having a slanted back with the rear window and trunk along one unbroken curve.
Softtop: A convertible top which is made out of flexible materials like PVC or textile.
Spats / Fender Skirt: The side cover for wheel arches that hide the wheel at the rear.
Spyder / Spider: Same as a Roadster but with no hood.
Station Wagon: Any North American 2/4 door passenger car having a cargo area that extends to the rear bumper.
Strake: Creases on sheet metal doors used as a styling feature.
Suicide Doors: This is a door hinged at its rear rather than the front (as in Dukker FIAT).
Supermoto: Any street bike having an off-road look.
T-Top / Targa Top: A semi-convertible car body style with a removable roof section and a full-width roll bar behind the seats.
Thumper: A single cylinder, 4-stroke engine of a motorbike.
Top Fuel Dragster: The fastest of drag racing vehicles, these have a characteristically long body and use top fuel for high-speed action.
Turismo (Spanish): see Sedan / Saloon
UJM / Universal Japanese Motorcycle: This is the term used for any Japanese bike that was produced in the 70's as they were cheaper and had more or less same performance features.
V6: A vehicle with 6 cylinders, forming V-shape. Typically, this angle is 60 degrees on V-6 engines.
V8: A vehicle with 8 cylinders, forming V-shape. Typically, this angle is 90 degrees on V-8 engines.
V12: A vehicle with 12 cylinders. Typically this angle is 30 degrees on most V-12 engines. Sometimes, two V6 engines are combined to act as a V12.
V-Twin: Any motorcycle with 2 cylinders positioned in a V form. The angle placed can differ.
Wheel Drive (WD): There are several types,
- 2WD / 4 x 2: Distribution of power to one axle having 2 wheels.
- 4WD / 4 X 4 / AWD: Distribution of power to both axles having 4 wheels. In few countries, they are also called as All Wheel Drive (AWD).
- 6WD / 6 x 6: Distribution of power to 3 axles having 6 wheels.
- 8WD / 8 x 8: Distribution of power to 4 axles having 8 wheels.
Woody: A car or truck whose side body panels are made of wood.